CSM-05

Economic & Social Development

  • 3 Topics & Lectures
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‘Economic and Social Development’ includes Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc. for the purpose of CSE (Preliminary). The contour of this course includes basic concept of economy, Macro and Micro Economics, National Accounts Statistics (NAS), Circular flow of economy, broad sectors of economy, factors of production.

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Course Overview

  1. Economic and Social Development (Part Relating to Agriculture)
  2. Economic and Social Development: Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion

‘Economic and Social Development’ is one of 7 broad themes of CSE (Preliminary) syllabus and covers Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. Broadly, the short notes on this theme includes the following:

  1. Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics and Microeconomics
  2. Economic Measurements like National Income & Its estimation – GDP, GNP etc. Economic Growth and Development, Inflation – causes, effects and measurement – CPI, WPI
  3. Money & Banking - Money - Function & Classification, Banking Structure in India, role of RBI, issues in banking sector like non-performing assets, banking governance etc., Financial Markets & Its Instruments – money market and capital market.
  4. Public Finance in India – Budgeting, Fiscal Policy, Centre-State distribution of revenues, Tax Structure in India – direct and indirect taxes, Goods and Services tax and issues related.
  5. Planning - Meaning, Objectives and history, Strategies – Harrod Domar, Mahalnobis, LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation) etc., Planning Commission and NITI Aayog, Five Year plans
  6. External Sector - Balance of Payments, Foreign Capital – FDI, FPI, Trade Policy and agreements, Exchange rate, International organisations
  7. Economic Sectors – Agriculture, Industry and Services
  8. Inclusive Growth – Poverty, Unemployment, Sustainable development, Welfare programmes.
  9. Agriculture covers Agricultural Inputs, Soil Profile and Major Crops, Sustainable Agriculture, Good Agricultural Practices, Agricultural Extension, Use of Technology in Agriculture, Challenges in Agriculture.

Social Development, Social Inclusion, Demographics and Social Sector Initiatives

Course Overview

‘Social Development, Social Inclusion, Demographics and Social Sector Initiatives’ included under the broad domains of ‘Economic and Social Development” is one of 7 major themes of CSE (Primary) syllabus and covers basic concepts and paths to social development, social inclusion measures, social structure and demographic processes, population and demography, and social sector initiatives.

Broadly, the short notes on this theme includes the following:

  1. Basic Concepts of Development: Economic Growth, Human Development, Social Development, Sustainable Development.
  2. Path to Development: Modernisation, Globalisation, Socialism, Mixed Economy, Gandhian.
  3. Social Structure and Development: Socio-Economic Inequality, Gender and Development.
  4. Concepts of Social Demography: Fertility, Mortality and Migration.
  5. Population and Development: Population as a constraint and a resource for development; socio-cultural factors affecting population growth.
  6. Population Control: Population Policy, Population education, Measures to control population in India.
  7. Social Welfare Schemes for Marginalised and Vulnerable Groups: SCs, STs, OBCs, Senior Citizens, Women, Minorities, Persons with Disabilities.
  8. Healthcare Schemes: National Health Mission, Government’s New Schemes, Ayushman Bharat.
  9. Social Inclusion Measures: Women and Children’s Development, Social Justice Policies

Reference:

  1. Srinivas, V. (2018). Towards a New India: Governance Transformed 2014-2019. New Delhi: Konark Publishers Pvt Ltd.
  2. India 2022 Year Book. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, Publication Division.
  3. Goldin, Ian (2018). Development: A very Short Introduction. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
  4. Jha, Ajit Kumar (2021). 35 Landmark Social Developments for UPSC IAS/ IPS Prelim & Main Exams. New Delhi: Disha Publications.
  5. Maitra S. (2017). Economic and Social Development for Civil Services Preliminary Examination. New Delhi: G.K. Publications.
  6. Singh, Sheobahal(2010). Sociology of Development. Jaipur: Rawat Publications.
  7. Premi, Mahendra K. (2011). India’s Changing Population Profile. New Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation.
  8. Jethwaney, Jaishri(2015). Social Sector Communication in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Reference Books

a) Economic-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Financial Inclusion, etc.1.      

  1. Singh, R. (2022). Indian Economy. Noida: McGraw Hill
  2. Karuppiah, S. (2022). Indian Economy – Key Concepts. Noida: McGraw Hill
  3. Singhania, N. (2022). Indian Economy. Noida: McGraw Hill
  4. Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance. (2022). Economic Survey 2021-22. New Delhi: Government of India
  5. Explained Desk. (2022, March 5). ‘Everyday Economics: What is the RBI’s MPC, and what does it do?’. The Indian Express. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/everyday-explainers/what-is-rbi-mpc-and-what-does-it-do-7801244/
  6. Misra, U. (2022, March 3). ‘Explained: What are MSPs, and how are they decided?’. The Indian Express. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/everyday-explainers/farmers-crops-price-msp-explained-7789563/

b) Social Development-Social Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

1.  The Economic Survey 

2.  Bimal Jalan: India’s Economic Policy

3.  Bimal Jalan: Emerging India- Economics, Politics and Reforms.

4.  Yojna and Kurukshetra

5.  Mishra and Puri: Indian Economy

6.  Mrunal economics lecture

c) Agriculture

1.  Special Issue of Agriculture by The Hindu.

2.  The Hindu- Survey of Indian Agriculture.



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‘Economic and Social Development’ includes Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc. for the purpose of CSE (Preliminary). The contour of this course includes basic concept of economy, Macro and Micro Economics, National Accounts Statistics (NAS), Circular flow of economy, broad sectors of economy, factors of production.

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